This is the second post about setting up a server for home or small business with SAMBA. If you haven’t seen the 1st post read it here :
Printer sharing with SAMBA
I have already installed HP Deskjet 3920 printer in my server machine and enabled sharing. (Open “Printing” application >> Right-click on the printer, see whether sharing is enabled).
As we are giving anonymous access to printers first create a user account for remote print jobs
/usr/sbin/adduser --system --disabled-password smbprint
Then append the following lines to the end of the Global Settings.
printcap name = cups printing = cups
And now we’ll share the printers. Add the following code to the end of the file
[printers] browseable = yes printable = yes public = yes create mode = 0700 guest only = yes use client driver = yes guest account = smbprint path = /home/smbprint
Now your smb.conf file must look like this.
#===============Global Settings=========== [global] workgroup = workgroup server string = DI Server ; netbios name = DI-Server security = share map to guest = bad user dns proxy = no ; encrypt passwords = yes guest ok = yes guest account = di printcap name = cups printing = cups #===============Share Definitions=========== [DI Files] path = /media/sda6/DI-Files browsable = yes writable = yes guest ok = yes read only = no create mask = 0755 [printers] browseable = yes printable = yes public = yes create mode = 0700 guest only = yes use client driver = yes guest account = smbprint path = /home/smbprint
Done! Restart the SAMBA services and check from a windows machine.
sudo restart smbd sudo restart nmbd
So we are done with file printer sharing. Are we really ?
Try restarting the machine and see from the windows machine. Most of the times you won’t see printer there. If you restart SAMBA manually you will see it again. This happens because CUPS service is not started when samba is started while booting.
Fix for the problem “Printer not showing up until I restart SAMBA”
Give the following command.
sudo gedit /etc/init/smbd.conf &
In the smbd.conf file just after pre-start script add the following line
Now restart and see.
File Synchronization with Unison
To regularly backup the files I’m using Unison. Actually what I hope is getting the files synced from a source to a destination location in a particular time daily.
Get the GUI version installed easily using Ubuntu Software Center.
Open Unison and in the default profile give the source location as Root 1 and destination location as Root 2.
To automate Unison Backup we’ll create a scheduled task. Open the scheduled tasks app and create a new task. In the command give it like this.
unison –batch default
Here “default” is the name of the profile you created in Unison.
As I want to do the run the file sync at 10AM every day I have set fields in the advanced section as shown in the image.
Setting up Remote Access
You may need to remotely log into this server using a windows machine. For that you can install xrdp.
sudo apt-get install xrdp
(You can find more info on this from this article.)
Now open Remote Desktop Connection in the windows machine connected to the same network and give the hostname or the ip of the server machine.
So now you are almost done! It will be better to clone the drive of Ubuntu installation so you won’t need to do all these things again if ever system crashes. You can use CloneZIlla for that.
Enjoy using SAMBA!